About the Grigsby Foundation
The National Grigsby Preservation Foundation (NGPF) is a 501 (c) (3) non-profit according to IRS Code. The organization is operated by volunteers of the National Grigsby Family Society (NGFS).
The National Grigsby Preservation Foundation (NGPF) was incorporated in 2008 as a charitable arm of the National Grigsby Family Society (NGFS). The purpose of the NGPF is to provide family members a resource pool for giving back to the greater community. The Foundation serves to preserve and publicize genealogical and historical information that represents the Grigsby Family and the eras in which they lived. The NGPF focuses on a museum concept that encourages the public to learn about the cultural impact of the Grigsby Family and their descendants. The Foundation seeks Grigsby surname individuals and their descendants for DNA testing to determine their genealogical connection to NGFS members. The long-term goals of the Foundation are to provide support for DNA testing for individuals seeking their Grigsby Family lines of descent and to create a physical and virtual repository for artifacts and heirlooms of the Grigsby Family throughout the generations.
Board Members & Directors
President: Sally Grigsby DeSantis
Vice-President: Lora Grigsby Jackson
Immediate Past President: Matt Beard
Secretary: Marilyn Grigsby
Treasurer: Randy Gentz
Administrator: Marcia Johnson
Sharon G. Braden, René Grigsby Chadick, Sally Grigsby DeSantis, David C. Grigsby, Don L. Grigsby, Donna J. Grigsby, Malcolm “Mac” Grigsby, Michael W. Grigsby, Stephen W. Grigsby, Lora Grigsby Jackson, Marcia W. Johnson, Harold “Mike” Robinson
Andrew Jackson Grigsby circa 1904.
The Grigsby Story – A Snapshot Of American History
CONNECTIONS TO HISTORICAL FIGURES & EVENTS
The first Grigsby family in Colonial Virginia
John Grigsby, The Immigrant – His Residence
A Colonial War connection to George Washington’s brother, Lawrence Washington
Soldier John Grigsby and the Expedition to Cartagena
1782 Marquis de Chastellux and James Grigsby, son of Soldier John
A Visit by the Marquis de Chastellux – April 1782
Hugh Blair Grigsby (1806-1881) – Statesman, Genealogist, Historical Scholar
Our Illustrious Cousin, Hugh Blair Grigsby
McCormick: the man who built the Harvester
Abraham Lincoln and the Grigsby connections
The Grigsbys of Indiana: Friends and Neighbors of Lincoln
ALBUM OF GRIGSBY HOMES
Member articles concerning the homes of Grigsby ancestors.
Westward Movement of Grigsby Descendants
Migration throughout Colonial America and the USA
Military Service and American Wars
Grigsbys and the American Revolution
Revolutionary War Records:
The Texas War for Independence from Mexico
The California Bear Flag Revolt 1846
The Civil War
The Smoked Yank by Colonel Melvin Grigsby (*Note – the full book and the reprints contain language as it was written in 1888.
Newsletter reprints with analysis and comments:
Part 1 – introduction, content, chapters I to II
*Note – the full book and the reprints contain language and spelling as it was written in 1888.
No derogatory or negative intention is meant by the group including race, gender, or politcal party.
General Elisha Franklin Paxton (1828-1863) / C.S.A. Civil War Letters
The Spanish American War
Finding Your Family Roots!
By Donald Linn Grigsby, Ph.D.
A major issue in tracing Grigsby family lines of descent has been the loss of documents in Virginia due to destruction during the Civil War.
With the completion of the worldwide “Human Genome Project,” accomplished in the first decade of the 21st century, genealogists realized that genetic information (especially the Y-DNA chromosome, which is passed in each generation from father to son, providing an unbroken chain) could reliably reveal the relationships between the males in a surname family.
The Family Tree DNA lab division (FTDNA) of Gene by Gene, Inc. (located in Houston, Texas) began developing genetic tests and offering them commercially to the newly formed groups of genetic genealogists seeking to utilize this latest developing technology to find answers to their questions regarding their family genealogy. The NGFS entered the quest in 2008 using the limited state-of-the-art genetics available at FTDNA at that time.
The advancement in the field of genetic testing has easily outpaced even the advancement of computer technology over the same time period. By 2011, the state-of-the-art Y-DNA test in 2008 that could offer information regarding 67 gene sites grew to a test that could produce information regarding 111 gene sites; and by 2013 could produce information regarding 37,000 gene sites. Of course, the test results are raw data regarding genetic mutations in the form of either Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) or Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs). It is not in the form of a book that states that your great- great-great-grandfather was John the blacksmith of Two Mile Junction, Tennessee, who was born in 1701 and married the neighbor’s daughter Susan, who was the fairest in the land.
Also, a person’s raw data only becomes of value when it can be compared to the raw data of others who have taken the same genetic test. That comparison tells us whether the two people are, or are not, related in historic time; and subsequent tests can determine how closely they are related. The greater the number males of the same surname from the various lines and branches of those lines that are tested, the more information that is produced about that surname family.
At considerable expense, the NGFS has produced a great deal of previously unknown information from the genetic tests of Grigsby males. From an investment of up to $1,000 per person for 12 individuals in our study, and nearly $500 for 22 more, we have learned that there are individual SNPs (such as JFS0002) that offer a 100% valid and reliable prediction of patrilineal descent from the “Immigrant John” Grigsby (1823-1730). That single SNP test costs us just under $25 at a newly developed lab, and produces the same critical information that two years ago we had to spend $350 to learn.
What our NGFS Y-DNA Study Committee would like to do at this point is to test as many Grigsby surname males as possible to determine whether they are, or are not, patrilineal descendants of the “Immigrant John” Grigsby (1623-1730). The cost is $25 for the test. If you are a male, your last name is Grigsby, and you would like to know your Grigsby roots, we invite you to join our NGFS Y-DNA Study. The Y-DNA test consists of the lab sending you a kit with either two Q-tip type swabs which you brush against your cheek, or a kit with two vials in which you place saliva (one or the other), which you mail back to the lab. Either type test produces your Y-DNA which is then used for testing.
Once your test raw data is ready, I will compare it to the other 34 Grigsby males’ raw data and notify you of the results, as well as answer any questions you may have about the Grigsby family. Contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org for additional information.
Donald Linn Grigsby, Ph.D., NGFP Board of Directors, Y-DNA Study Committee Chair
The New Science of Discovery of Human Family History
By Donald Linn Grigsby, Ph.D.
How do we really KNOW that we descend from an ancestor who live many generations ago?
That question was recently asked by the son of one of our National Grigsby Family Society members.
The answer to that question is not as simple as one might initially believe; and before April of 2003, the date of the completion of the worldwide Human Genome Project, there WAS in reality NO WAY to PROVE that we were descendants of an ancestor many generations ago. All that we had to rely upon prior to 2003 were family oral traditions and paper records, some of which proved to be incorrect. Today, however, we can learn the story of our ancestry from a record that is indisputable, and we now understand how to read its language code, and we understand the process by which it is passed from generation to generation.
Since individuals of a widely varied age and knowledge background will doubtlessly ask the same question, I will attempt to provide an answer that may be redundant to some, but satisfactory for the youngest and least knowledgeable.
Every male has both sex chromosomes X and Y along with 22 pair of autosomal chromosomes making 23 pair total. Females have two X sex chromosomes as one pair along with 22 pair of autosomal chromosomes making 23 pair total.
During the production process of ova for the female and sperm for the male, the paired chromosomes separate with one half of each pair being included in each ovum and each sperm cell. When sperm and ovum unite to form a zygote cell, the zygote cell has once again 23 pair of chromosomes. Each ovum has one or the other of the female’s X chromosome pair, while the sperm with which it unites may contain either an X chromosome or a Y chromosome. When two X chromosomes unite, the child will be a female. When an X and a Y chromosome unite to make a pair, the child will be a male. The DNA instructions on the Y chromosome will be to produce identically itself to be passed on to each new generation of males. So, Immigrant John Grigsby passed his identical Y chromosome on to each of his sons, and they to their sons, and on and on, generation after generation in an unbroken chain.
Each Y chromosome is made up of millions of nucleotides. There are four kinds of nucleotides (adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine, indicative of the acid base of the nucleotide. Think of them as a four-letter alphabet upon which the instructions are encoded to create an individual and maintain its function throughout its life).
Just as on a product assembly line, occasionally a defective item is produced. Although the body has an extremely effective system which eliminates the rarely created defective products, on very, very rare occasion, a defect gets by. If that mutated nucleotide is on the Y chromosome and results in the creation of a son, that son will have a Y chromosome like his father’s and brother’s Y chromosome’s millions of nucleotides – with the EXCEPTION of ONE nucleotide on ONE gene which we label a Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP). That SNP for that individual will be replicated by that individual (it is all he has to replicate) and passed on to each of his sons, and they too to their sons, generation after generation, until another SNP may occur again changing one nucleotide of the millions of nucleotides passed to ONE son who then passes it to ALL of his sons, etc., etc.
A Y chromosome nucleotide mutation (SNP) which result in a birth of a son occurs roughly, on average, about once every 150 years in each of the four Grigsby lines from the John Grigsby (1623-1730). Some variance exists between surname families and among surname family lines.
An actual example should clarify the situation.
The “Immigrant John” Grigsby (1623-1730) had five sons who had received his Y chromosome and a daughter who had received his X chromosome. We can look at the 40-plus current-day male descendants of John Grigsby and the Y-DNA he has passed down that is shared by ALL of his patrilineal descendants (this excludes the SNPs which have occurred later and are exhibited by some but not all of his patrilineal descendants) and we discover what “Immigrant John” Grigsby’s Y-DNA exhibited that he inherited from his father.
The Y-DNA that “Immigrant John” passed to sons John, Charles, and William was identical to his own (exact copies with no defects/changes). The Y chromosome that he passed to James, however, was different from that inherited by his brothers.
On one of the genes, one nucleic acid base on one nucleotide had switched from thymine inherited by his brothers, to cytosine (T to C), which we discovered and named the SNP JFS0016. All of the sons and later patrilineal descendants of the Immigrant John Grigsby son James Grigsby will exhibit the SNP JFS016 nucleotide, which has cytosine as an acid base, while all other Immigrant John patrilineal descendants will exhibit thymine as an acid base at that same location. This one SNP “marker,” therefore, allows us to easily identify any patrilineal descendant of the James Grigsby (I) line.
In the line of the “Immigrant John” son Charles Grigsby, Charles passed a mutated Y chromosome to his son “Soldier John” Grigsby. While the other sons received an identical Y chromosome that Charles himself exhibited, “Soldier John” Grigsby received a chromosome with a defect/change in one of the millions of nucleotides. On the chromosome inherited by “Soldier John” was received the SNP JFS0014, which had one nucleotide that had switched from thymine to cytosine. So, while his father, brothers, and all of his Grigsby male cousins exhibit thymine at the SNP JFS0014 position, “Soldier John” and all of his patrilineal descendants exhibit the acid base cytosine at that location on the Y chromosome.
In my line, the third generation Benjamin Grigsby (I) received a mutation in one nucleotide at the SNP location JFS0012 when the acid base adenine had switched to guanine. So, while his father and brothers and all of his Grigsby male cousins exhibit the nucleotide adenine at the location we have named JFS0012, all of us who descend from the John Grigsby (II) son Benjamin Grigsby exhibit the nucleotide guanine at that SNP location named the JFS0012.
For those of you who have long since fallen asleep, I extend my sincere apologies. For those of you who are still awake, this is how I inherited “Immigrant John” Grigsby’s Y chromosome DNA passed down from father to son for 10 generations, with the change of a couple of nucleotides out of the 37,000 nucleotides we tested from my Y-DNA sample. All the other Y-DNA nucleotides that make up my Y chromosome were produced in exact replica and faithfully handed down male generation after male generation from “Immigrant John” to me.
It should be understood that in addition to Y-DNA, which is passed down essentially unchanged from generation to generation, approximately half of the other 22 autosomal chromosomes are also passed from each parent to each child. It is reduced 50% with each new generation, allowing a place for the autosomal DNA of the spouse’s side of the family.
The point being made that descent from “Immigrant John” can be through DNA other than Y-DNA analysis of autosomal DNA is, however, above my pay grade. Anyway, something needs to be left to frustrate others.
Other SNP markers that we have discovered and analyzed designate branching at various generational points in the Grigsby family tree.
We determined, early on, to abandon the STR research path being followed by other surname family researchers, and to formulate our own analytical approach based upon SNPs instead. It has provided outstanding results.
Donald Linn Grigsby, Ph.D., NGFP Board of Directors, Y-DNA Study Committee Chair
Grigsby’s Get Involved!
Here are two simple ways to participate and learn:
1. Email the NGPF at email@example.com to discover your Grigsby heritage and how to support the work of the Foundation.
Find out about low-cost or free DNA testing that is available. The DNA Study Committee is actively seeking individuals to test for certain lines and branches of Grigsby descent. Males whose last name is Grigsby are encouraged to look into eligibility for Y-DNA testing. Furthermore, Grigsby genealogists are glad to share what has been discovered during more than a decade of study.
2. Visit the National Grigsby Family Society website at https://grigsby.org for more opportunities to join, support, and participate in Grigsby activities and family events.